University of Ghana - Grading System for 2017/18 Academic Year
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University of Ghana Grading System
Student performance in a course shall be graded as follows:
Letter Grade Marks Grade Point Interpretation
A 80 – 100 4.0 Outstanding
B+ 75 – 79 3.5 Very Good
B 70 – 74 3.0 Good
C+ 65 – 69 2.5 Fairly Good
C 60 – 64 2.0 Average
D+ 55 – 59 1.5 Below Average
D 50 – 54 1.0 Marginal Pass
E 45-49 0.5 Unsatisfactory
F 0 – 44 0 Fail
Note: *Although this is a failure grade, it may still be accepted as fulfilling prerequisite for other courses.
Grade Interpretation Grade Point
X Fail 0
Z Disqualification 0
I Incomplete 0
Y Continuing 0
AUDI Audit 0
Grade Point (GP): Each Grade is assigned an equivalent grade point as indicated above. The number of (grade) points earned by a student, for each course completed, is computed as the product of the number of credits for the course and the grade point equivalent letter of the grade obtained in that course.
Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA): The student's cumulative grade point average is calculated by dividing the total number of grade points obtained, up to any specified time, by the total number for credits of all courses for which the student has registered up to that time.
Final Grade Point Average (FGPA): The FGPA is the CGPA for all courses under consideration calculated up to the end of a student's academic programme.
DEFINITION OF GRADES
21.1 Pass Grades: Grades A to D constitute Pass grades.
21.2 Failure Grades: Grades E, F, X, Z constitute Failure grades.
21.3 Continuing: A grade Y (for Continuing) shall be awarded at the end of a semester to any student who is taking a course which continues into the next semester.
21.4 Audit: A grade AUDI shall be awarded for attendance at lectures where no examination is taken, or where an examination is taken, but no mark can be returned, for good reasons. The Grade AUDI is not taken into account in the calculation of the FGPA.
21.5 Non-Completion of Course:
i. A grade I (for Incomplete) shall be awarded to a student who is unable to complete a course for reasons adjudged by the Board of Examiners as satisfactory. Such a student shall be expected to complete the course the very next time the course is available.
ii. A grade X shall be awarded to a student who is unable to complete a course for reasons adjudged by the Board of Examiners as unsatisfactory.
i. A grade Z denotes Disqualification from an examination as a result of an examination malpractice or offence, and shall be awarded whenever it is established that a candidate had attempted to gain an unfair advantage in an examination, be it in a Principal subject or an Ancillary or any other paper.
ii. A candidate awarded a grade Z may be debarred from taking a University Examination for a stated period, or indefinitely, or may be expelled from the University altogether.
iii. A grade Z may be awarded only by the Board of Examiners.
CLASSIFICATION OF DEGREE
All end-of-semester examination results from Level 100, including University and School required courses, shall be taken into account in the computation of the Final Grade Point Averages (FGPA) for the classification of the Bachelor's degree.
The GPAs from Levels 100 to 400 shall be weighted as follows: 1:1:2:2
In the determination of the FGPA, a weighted average of all repeat courses shall be used.
The full scheme of classification shall read as follows:
Class of Degree Range of Final Grade Point Average (FGPA)
First Class 3.60-4.00
Second Class (Upper Division) 3.00-3.59
Second Class (Lower Division) 2.00-2.99
Third Class 1.50-1.99
CONFIRMATION OF AWARD OF DEGREE
A list of candidates who are deemed eligible as in Sections 30, 31 and 32 shall be laid before the Academic Board for approval. No award shall be confirmed unless the Academic Board is satisfied that the candidate has met all the conditions for the award of a degree.
PRESENTATION OF AWARD
Following confirmation of an award of a degree as in Section 32, the candidate shall be entitled to be awarded the appropriate Bachelor's degree under the seal of the University at a Congregation of the University assembled for that purpose. The degree shall indicate the principal subject or subjects offered and the class awarded.
Manual GPA Calculation — University of Ghana GPA
Grades below are examples:
Basic Maths (3 credit hours) A
Basic Science(4 credit hours) B2
Basic English (2 Credit hours) B2
Intro to Agric(3 credit hours) C5
Calculate GPA= (Sum of each (Credit hour * its Numerical value of Grade))/ Total credit hours
GPA= [(3*4.0)+(4*3.5)+(2*3.5)+(3*2.75)] / (3+4+2+3)
=[(12.0)+(14.0)+(7.0)+(8.25)] / (12)
=(41.25) / (12)
Therefore the GPA is 3.43